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Advances in the treatment of testicular cancer

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  • Advances in the treatment of testicular cancer

    Drugs. 2006;66(5):641-59. Related Articles, Links

    Advances in the treatment of testicular cancer.

    Kopp HG, Kuczyk M, Classen J, Stenzl A, Kanz L, Mayer F, Bamberg M, Hartmann JT.

    Department of Medical Oncology, Medical Center II, Hematology, Rheumatology, Pneumology and Immunology, South West German Cancer Center, Eberhard-Karls-University of Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany.

    Testicular cancer is the most common solid tumour in young men, and the treatment of testicular germ cell tumours (TGCT) has been called a success story of medical oncology, germ cell cancer being regarded as the "model of a curable neoplasm". Even with metastatic disease, high cure rates can be achieved: the overall 5-year survival for all stages of TGCT is approximately 80%. Today, elaborate systems for prognostic evaluation for gonadal and extragonadal germ cell tumours facilitate the choice of the most appropriate therapy for individual patients. In doing so, the ultimate goal of treatment is tumour-free survival for any patient with TGCT.This goal has already been reached for >99% of the patients with early-stage tumours, as well as for the majority of patients with advanced disease (56% of patients with metastases are considered to have a good prognosis at the time of diagnosis; the 5-year survival rate for this group is 90%). However, patients with 'intermediate' or 'poor' prognosis at the time of diagnosis, as well as patients with relapsed disease after cisplatin-containing therapy, still have an unsatisfactorily low 5-year survival rate after standard therapy with PEB (cisplatin, etoposide, bleomycin) of only 80%, 45-55% and 20-25%, respectively.Therefore, our goals must be (i) to limit acute and chronic toxicity by avoiding overtreatment for patients with localised disease and/or good prognosis with advanced disease; and (ii) to identify patients with poor prognosis and treat them in specialised centres, where not only is optimal interdisciplinary care available but new treatment strategies are being applied. For example, tandem high-dose chemotherapy regimens might be effective in achieving higher cure rates in these patients.

    Publication Types:

    PMID: 16620142 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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